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When Your Child Goes from Homeschooling to Public School


Students in a classroom with hands raised and text: TheHomeSchoolMom Blog: When your child goes from homeschooling to public schoolSometimes things change, and your child will go from homeschooling to public school. What should you expect when you start the process? Here are a few first thoughts:

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The school is in charge of the school.

This is going to be different. While you were homeschooling independently, you made all decisions regarding your child’s education. The first thing to realize is that your child’s school has policies and procedures that you may not be able to affect. Meeting with administrators may result in some flexibility, and you should advocate for your child, but you are navigating a system that is balancing the needs of many children.

The school may ask for grades and records from homeschooling.

Regardless of the approach you took to homeschooling, the school may ask for your child’s grades and documentation of studies or learning. If you have homeschooled using traditional curriculum, tests, and grades, this may not be hard to provide.

However, some homeschoolers are flummoxed by this since homeschool laws in their state may not have required such records, and their homeschooling philosophy may have been to use a different approach, which was nonetheless effective. School officials are frequently unfamiliar with homeschool laws and may be more accustomed to dealing with students transferring from other schools.

Some options:

  • Explain that you don’t have these kinds of records and weren’t required to keep them.
  • Create a document to reflect what your child learned during the homeschool years.
  • Show scores from any standardized tests your child may have taken.

It helps to remember that the school generally wants this information in order to determine grade placement. Again, this may not always be in agreement with where you think your child should be placed, but it is often at least a good faith effort at getting your child in the right grade in school.

The school is in charge of grade placement and may use their own assessments.

Sometimes parents are able to easily enroll a child in the grade they request, especially if it is the grade that is typical for the child’s age, and especially during the elementary years. At other times, schools may use testing or their assessment of your child’s home learning, and they will decide which grade a child should be in.

Going from homeschooling to public school in high school might be a bigger deal.

State requirements will vary. Many states require specific courses and end-of-course tests to be passed by each child who will receive a public high school diploma in that state. Public school students do not receive credits for these courses without the tests, and a child who enrolls in public school during the high school years may not receive credits without the tests either.

Administrators may be flexible. In some states, work done at home may not be “counted,” even if a subject was studied in a traditional textbook way. It is worth speaking with administrators to see if they will let your child take end-of-course tests without re-taking the entire courses. I know quite a few teens in different states who were able to get credit in this way, which allowed them to enroll in high school in the grade they expected.

Credit may not be given for work done at home. However, there are also stories of disappointment, where students who would typically have been in 10th grade or later were required to retake lower grade courses at public school after having learned the material at home. In Virginia, for example, many homeschool advocates advise if at all possible, if you believe your child will attend high school, to try to enroll by 9th grade. That’s because not all high schools award credit for work done at home, and they may not allow your child to “test out” of courses. State law in Virginia requires schools to consider work done at home, but because of the emphasis on learning standards, end-of-grade tests, and accreditation, public schools are not required to accept credit transferred from homeschooling.

Homeschool organizations are good sources of information. Check with your state-wide homeschooling organization to find out about the laws for homeschoolers enrolling in public schools, talk to homeschoolers in your area, and talk to the guidance counselor or administrator at the school your child will attend.

Diplomas reflect the school’s requirements. Not awarding high school credit for work done at home may seem unfair at first glance, but think about it from an institutional point of view. If a diploma means the student has taken these specific tests and followed the standardized curriculum, then it might seem that the only fair way to administrate this is to make it apply to all high school students for each year of their work — even if a year or two of that was done at home. The child is no longer getting a homeschool diploma (though by the way, homeschool diplomas work just fine) — but will be getting a public school diploma, which indicates completion of public high school requirements.

Your child might be “ahead” or “behind.”

Your homeschool has been marching to a different drummer. Your child’s skill level or knowledge might be out of sync with expectations for kids the same age at public school.

It’s important to remember that this is also true for students who attend public school who have never been homeschooled. There are kids who are ahead, kids who are behind, and kids who have special needs and challenges.

In some cases, teachers and administrators have an authentic big picture view of this, and they understand that children’s academic levels vary a lot, regardless of how they have been educated before coming to this specific school. In other cases, especially if a child is behind, homeschooling may be blamed as an ineffective approach to education, even though there will be children at the same school who never homeschooled but who are also “behind.”

One of the issues that crops up is that some homeschooling approaches are highly supportive of late bloomers, and the payoff comes in later years when a child’s love for reading and learning has remained in tact because of less coercion to do developmentally inappropriate tasks quite early. For example, a child who learns to read at home at 8 or 9 may not be at a disadvantage at all because of the way homeschooling can compensate during skills lags — but that same child may immediately be seen as behind if she has to enter school as a non-reader.

Homeschoolers differ as to whether the possibility — however slight — of a child needing to attend public school at some point in the future, should mean trying to keep a child on grade level. Read my articles on Homeschooling and Grade Level and When Grade Level Matters for more thoughts on this topic.

If you have a child who has special needs, you should familiarize yourself with Wrights Law and be prepared to advocate for your child to get the best possible education.

You are going to have feelings about all this.

You may have good reasons to quit homeschooling. However, that doesn’t mean you won’t have mixed feelings and second thoughts. You may feel relief that public school is there for your child, but you may feel some grief that your picture of homeschooling did not play out as you hoped.

You may also struggle with adjustment to spending less time with your child and having less say-so over your child’s daily life, as the school acts in loco parentis.

If your child is behind, you may feel guilt that he will struggle, and you may even feel guilt that he will be seen as a poor representative of homeschooling. Some parents run into this thought from administrators: a positive adjustment to school is “in spite of” homeschooling, while a negative adjustment to school is “because of” homeschooling. This attitude has changed over the years, since so many teachers now homeschool their own children and other educators have become more familiar with homeschooling. However, you may still feel that you are seen as having done your child a disservice.

You will need to deal with the bureaucracy.

You’re playing their game now, and just as you made the rules when you were homeschooling, the schools make the rules for their game.

Schools have a lot of rules and red tape. You and/or your child will need to keep track of deadlines, rules, handbooks, homework, schedules, calendars, and more. Start inquiring about enrollment as early as possible once you know your child will attend school.

Many schools are welcoming to new students and want each child to have a positive experience; try to get a handle on the rules and policies to help your child have the best adjustment possible. You’re playing their game now, and just as you made the rules when you were homeschooling, the schools make the rules for their game.

Jeanne Faulconer

A popular speaker at homeschooling conferences, business groups, and parents’ groups, Jeanne Potts Faulconer homeschooled her three sons in North Carolina, Mississippi, and Virginia for twenty years. Jeanne is director of Brave Writer's Homeschool Alliance, which provides homeschool coaching, community, and "grad school for homeschool" for parents. She is the contributing editor for TheHomeSchoolMom newsletter and writes the popular Ask Jeanne column, addressing homeschool parents' questions here at TheHomeSchoolMom. She is a former college faculty member, former editor and book reviewer for Home Education Magazine, a long-time editor for VaHomeschoolers Voice, and a news correspondent for WCVE, an NPR-member station. Holding her Master of Arts degree in Communication, Jeanne has conducted portfolio evaluations for Virginia homeschoolers for evidence of progress for many years.

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  1. Yavanna Klappal

    So, I was wondering how I figure out what things my daughter would need to know to enroll in PS in 8th grade. The goal was always to PS for highschool, but now I can’t figure out how to know if she’s ready for 8th grade or not…

    • Hi Yavanna,

      This is actually more of a school question than a homeschool question. Your school division may have a set of standards or guidelines for grade levels on their website. These vary from state to state and even within some states, so your best bet is to look for school resources. You could also make an appointment with a counselor or administrator at the school your daughter would enroll in and ask them. Good luck!

    • Hi Yavanna,

      This is more of a school question than a homeschool question if your intent is to enroll in public school for 8th grade. I would encourage you to talk to an administrator at the school your daughter would attend. Many school divisions do have websites with standards of learning to show you what students are expected to know or the level of proficiency for each grade. You could also look for online tests for certain subject areas, such as math curricula websites that have placement tests; however, there is no guarantee that homeschool curricula will align perfectly with your local school division.


  2. brenda plants

    If I take my child out in 9th grade to homeschool in wv and she goes back to public school next year does she go to 10th or will she be put in the grade she left in?

    • Brenda, as stated in the article, “The school is in charge of grade placement and may use their own assessments.” This can be handled differently from school-to-school, as well as from state-to-state. In general, public schools, not parents or teens, make the decision about grade placement. Schools are commonly more particular about grade placement during the high school years, and schools may not recognize credit for work done at home.

      While you should read more at the two articles I linked, your best sources for information about this are the school or school division where your daughter will attend and local or WV homeschoolers who have experience with returning teens to school during the high school years.

      • senotis barnes

        Can you tell more about Manifestion determination meeting? My son was force to one of theses by the school.

        • Manifestation Determination is a school procedure having to do with behavior, discipline and how they relate to a child’s disabilities. We here at TheHomeSchoolMom specialize in homeschooling rather than school. You need to follow up with administrators at your son’s school. You also may be able to find an individual or organization in your state or community that helps parents advocate for their children who have disabilities if that is the case with your son. See if your school’s guidance counselor can help you understand your son’s situation. Good luck.


  3. Angela

    I have a terminal health situation and my daughter suffers with anxiety. We have been through a number of changes and she decided she wanted to homeschool for 10th grade. Now she wants to go back to public school. I did not keep very good records although she did complete the work. I know that it’s my inadequacy that caused her current problem but the school does not want to accept our transcript and give her the credits she earned at home. Any suggestions as to how I can go back and record her school year?!!
    My health and everything happened at once. I was unfamiliar with homeschooling and learned as we went. If only I could go back!!
    Thank you

    • Brittany

      I am not a professional when it comes to homeschooling or the transition back into public school, but even if they don’t accept your “transcripts” there should be a way to test her to show she did the work and earned the credits while home schooled, such as a placement test. Also did the state you home schooled in require you to do reports to the state, I know some states require very little but some want reports done each “semester”, if you did your should be able to pull those. Hope as turns out well!!

    • Hi Angela,

      I’m so sorry to hear about your health situation. It must be so hard to deal with while your daughter is also heading back to school, and you are trying to help her.

      Unfortunately, schools are able to make the choices about what credits to accept from homeschoolers, and in many states, they do not take any or many. This can definitely impact what grade they are placed in. This is especially true during the high school years. Keep in mind that this can be the case even if homeschoolers have excellent records. The joke is that it is easier for homeschoolers to attend college than to transfer back into a public high school after 9th grade, but it never feels very funny to the person who is trying to do exactly that.

      Indeed, your daughter may be able to show that she can “test” into credits, and I would ask about that. For example, if your state has end-of-year or end-of-course testing and your daughter can pass the test, for, say Algebra 1, then they may give her credit for that class and let her take the next course.

      If your daughter has taken achievement tests but you just no longer have the scores, you might be able to get them from the testing company. It’s worth a try.

      You may be able to make a transcript for 8th and 9th grade (assuming she studied any high school courses in 8th), showing the books and materials she used and describing how she learned and how you assessed her learning. The two of you would just need to start by making a list of the things she studied, reminding each other of topics she learned.

      She may be able to take SATII subject area tests or AP tests to show she is competent in those areas.

      Another option is to see if they will let her begin in some classes that have both 9th and 10th graders (commonly foreign language) and give her permission to take extra credits, including possibly in summer school next summer. True, this option probably has her “doing over” or “doing more” than what she “should” given her at-home learning, but it is a way some students have caught up according to the school rules.

      And finally, it’s possible she could take community college courses instead of classes at public high school. Some students are ready for that and decide it’s a more attractive option than losing high school credits. Community college policies vary by state; for example, some don’t allow enrollment until age 16 or 11th grade.

      You and she will have to talk with the school to get their advice on whether any of these ideas will work. I have known some people who were told a flat “no – nothing will transfer” – only to then meet with someone else at the school who says, well let’s get her the final exam for biology and see how she does, or let’s see a description of the course she studied for math and take a look at the math book.

      Unfortunately, when a homeschooled student transfers in after 9th grade, the school holds the cards. Sometimes they are more flexible than they first appear, and that is what I will hope for you and your daughter. I hope you can make a transcript for her that will lead them to accept credit for work done at home, or that one of the other approaches might work.

      I know you want the best for your daughter, and that it must have been difficult to keep up with things during a tumultuous time.


  4. Elisabeth Schulz

    Thank you for this insight. In our 4th year of homeschooling, we made the decision today to put our kids in PS due to some health challenges I am having. I AM having a bucketful of emotions ~~ everything from fear that my kids are behind to how will I react when the mean office lady turns her nose up at us on the first day (Which she will, because we have seen that from her already). I fear the never ending testing, the behavior charts that have to be initialed every night, the cool kids doing all the cool things. I am going to refer to this article frequently.

    • slaglover

      How did it go Elisabeth, we are reentering a shcool that we had a difficult time at, all of us from siblings to children attending to parents and this article is gearing me up, too. Hope you are all well!

      • Moving from school to homeschooling or homeschooling to school is challenging. These are big transitions for a family. We listen intently when others describe what the process was like for their children. While such changes are big, there are many kids who navigate them with the support of their parents. Keeping the parent-child relationship open and positive is important!


  5. Teya Harper

    Hi currently I’m in online school and I’m thinking of switching back into public school next semester (I say “switching back” because I went to public school up until 8th grade but for my freshmen and half of this year I’ve been in online school.) I’m worried about being behind in a few classes (mainly Spanish and Geometry) so what should I do? How do I prepare?

  6. Deborah Williams

    I have a problem and can’t find anyone to help. I have homeschooled in Dearborn county Indiana for 3 years. This year my daughter said she wanted to try public school. I told her if that was what she wanted. She asked if she didn’t like it could she go back to homeschooling. I told her yes. She came home crying after 1 day and said she didn’t want to go back. I went to school to get her out and back to homeschooling and they are acting like I’m a criminal. Do I have the right to take my daughter out without them acting rude to me?

    • Hi Deborah – Since homeschooling is regulated by the state, it is best to turn to state organizations for answers to questions like this. TheHomeSchoolMom provides general resources to homeschoolers, but doesn’t have the resources to answer questions specific to each state’s requirements. Our Indiana local homeschool organizations page might be able to point you in the right direction, but there is no substitute for reading the relevant statute(s) yourself. When you know the law, you are empowered when talking to local officials.

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