I am not a parent yet but intend on having children and homeschooling them in the future. I've done a lot of research but never really found an answer to whether I need teacher training to homeschool. I know that in my state it is not necessary for the parent to have a teaching degree, but I'd like to know whether getting a teaching degree (there are some online as well) or even attending a few college courses surrounding how to teach children would benefit the parent homeschooling the children. I'm getting my pharmacy doctorate so a teaching degree would be extra time and money so I'd like your opinion on whether you think it would be worth it. ~ Eliza
Nope! You don't need teacher training to homeschool. You don't need teacher certification; you don't need an education degree; you don't need even a few college courses in education.
In fact, it might surprise you to hear that current and former public school teachers who homeschool their own kids frequently find some aspects of their teacher training and experience to be a disadvantage!
That's because home education is distinct from school, and teacher training prepares people to teach school. Sometimes, the more training people have, the harder it is for them to take advantage of the benefits of homeschooling.
People who are the most satisfied with homeschooling usually capitalize on the ways homeschooling is different from school, as explained articles like these:
- Ten Things Homeschoolers Don't Have to Do
- School Rules You Need to Break
- More School Rules You Need to Break
- Homeschooling is Not Public School at Home
In fact, having a lot of formal education (say, a PharmD degree? Ha!), can by itself make it harder for some people to break out of the "school mode."
It's not just school teachers who have trouble with the paradigm shift; it can be anyone who did well in traditional school herself.
This can lead to a belief that following the school path with traditional textbooks and a school schedule and tests and quizzes—but doing so at home—is the formula for homeschooling.
And the thing is, some people do have kids who learn well with that approach. We homeschoolers even call it "school at home," and it can work. But many of us have kids who do better with other approaches, or at least additional approaches, mixed in.
To make space for these unique approaches to education, parents often need to go through a process we call parental deschooling. The joke is, it takes twice as long to "deschool" if you were ever a teacher or a straight A student yourself.
Now, the thing is, some education courses that focus on truly up-to-date scientific information about how children learn could be positive for you or anyone interested in homeschooling. Unfortunately, public education in the United States is not actually based on the most up-to-date information about learning. In my opinion, education policies are more impacted by "what we've always done," behaviorist principles, politics, and business considerations than by what we know about how people learn.
The problem is that some of what prospective teachers learn and new teachers have to focus on is classroom management, public education policy, common core standards, and moving a class through grade-leveled curriculum. Some education degrees are far more innovative, of course, and particular courses might give you insight on wonderful topics like children's literature and pedagogy.
While I've emphasized the other side of things, I do have teacher friends who don't feel hobbled by their education classes in homeschooling; they are able to make useful connections between their education courses and teaching their own kids.
That said, there are wonderful opportunities for parents to become knowledgeable about home education in the homeschool world through conferences and conventions, books, homeschool organizations, and mentors. Our own website has great resources on How to Choose a Curriculum and How to Get Started Homeschooling. Parents don't have to spend time or money on teacher courses to prepare for a classroom experience that is not that relevant to helping kids learn at home.