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Civil War

by Mary Ann Kelley

Resources about the civil war

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Looking for a curriculum that makes learning fun? You'll find it in Time4Learning's PreK-12 grade online homeschool curriculum.

Civil War Defense of Washington Lesson plan  (M, O)
Curriculum Package for 8th grade students includes six themed lessons based on primary sources: A Capital Defense, Soldier Life, Civilian Contributions, A City of Hospitals, Split Loyalties, and Sacred Ground.

The Atlantic: Civil War Commemorative Issue  (M,O,T)
On the 150th anniversary of the Civil War, The Atlantic presented this commemorative issue featuring Atlantic stories by Mark Twain, Henry James, Harriet Beecher Stowe, Frederick Douglass, Nathaniel Hawthorne, Louisa May Alcott, and more.

The Civil War, Part 1: The Places  (M,O,T)
"Although photography was still in its infancy, war correspondents produced thousands of images, bringing the harsh realities of the frontlines to those on the home front in a new and visceral way." This article and its subsequent installments, The People and The Stereographs, include some of the best photographs from the war period.

Harpers Ferry National Historical Park   (Y,M,O,T)
Harpers Ferry is best known for its role in the Civil War as the location of John Brown's raid on the Armory in 1859. The website offers many links to educate history buffs on the people and stories involved with that time in American history.

Fort Scott National Historic Site   (Y,M,O,T)
Fort Scott is a restored 1840s military fort that tells the story of the site's role in Westward Expansion, Bleeding Kansas, and the Civil War. Fort Scott served as a major supply depot for Union armies in the West, a general hospital for soldiers in the region and a haven for people fleeing the war-displaced Indians, escaped slaves, and white farmers. The website offers a movie link.

Arkansas Post National Memorial  (Y,M,O,T)
Established in 1686, as the first semi-permanent French settlement in the lower Mississippi River Valley. In 1783, the only Revolutionary War action in Arkansas occurred when Spanish and British soldiers clashed in a raid. The Arkansas Post became part of the United States following the Louisiana Purchase of 1803. During the Civil War, Confederate troops build a massive earthen fortification known as Fort Hindman at the Post. It was destroyed by Union troops in January 1863. The website offers historical information about the post for those who cannot visit in person.

Slavery: Cause and Catalyst of the Civil War  (Y,M,O,T)
From the National Park Service. Downoad this brochure which discusses the principle causes of the American Civil War. Namely the document focuses on how all of the causes were inextricably bound to the institution of slavery. Available through Wayback Archives

Clara Barton National Historic Site   (Y,M,O,T)
Clara Barton dedicated her life to help others both at home and abroad, in peacetime as well as during military emergencies. Glen Echo was her home the last 15 years of her life

Civil War Defenses of Washington  (Y,M,O,T)
By 1865, the Union army had constructed 68 forts, 93 detached batteries for field guns, 20 miles of rifle pits, 3 wooden blockhouses, 32 miles of military roads, several stockaded bridgeheads, and four picket stations.

Gettysburg National Military Park   (Y,M,O,T)
The Battle of Gettysburg was a turning point in the Civil War. It was the war's bloodiest battle with 51,000 casualties. The Union victory ended General Robert E. Lee's second and most ambitious invasion of the North.

Antietam National Battlefield  (Y,M,O,T)
Considered the bloodiest one day battle in American history occurred on September 17, 1862. Includes a number of multimedia presentations available for download. The website offers historical information about the park for those who cannot visit in person.

Fort Pulaski National Monument   (Y,M,O,T)
In the 19th century, Masonry fortifications were the United States' main defense against overseas enemies. Standing guard over the Savannah River for over 150 years, Fort Pulaski was designed to protect the city of Savannah, GA by sea. During the Civil War, new technology helped the Union army cannon its way through the garrison. This site also offers a historical look a the people who inhabited Fort Pulaski and offers links to the Battle of Fort Pulaski.

Andersonville National Historic  (Y,M,O,T)
Andersonville was one of the Civil War's largest Confederate military prisons confining more than 45,000 Union soldiers. The website offers historical information about the prison for those who cannot visit in person.

Boston African American National Historic Site  (Y,M,O,T)
The African Meeting House was built in 1806 to house the first African Baptist Church of Boston. It was the first African American Baptist church created north of the Mason Dixon Line and is now the oldest surviving black church building in America. In 1863, it served as a recruitment post for the Massachusetts 54th Volunteer Regiment, which was the first official African American military regiment to fight for the Union in the Civil War. The website offers historical information about the church for those who cannot visit in person.

Chickamauga & Chattanooga National Military Park   (Y,M,O,T)
In 1863, Union and Confederate forces fought for control of Chattanooga, known as the "Gateway to the Deep South."

Civil War Timeline  (Y,M,O,T)
From The National Park Service

Gettysburg Museum Management Program  (Y,M,O,T)
Gettysburg National Military Park is the home of the George Rosensteel Collection, one of the largest collections of Civil War relics in the United States. This link is a virtual catalog of those items in the exhibit. In case you are unable to visit in person.

Civil War along the Buffalo River  (Y,M,O,T)
The Civil War in this area pitted families and neighbors against one another. The most visible effect of the Civil War was the burning of numerous homesteads, striping the land, and the total disruption of family and community life. Bat Guano in caves was used to make gunpowder.

The Civil War on the Outer Banks  (Y,M,O,T)
The barrier islands of the North Carolina coast are a gateway to the rest of the state. The Civil War battles on the Outer Banks were pivotal for control of North Carolina. A Freedmen's Colony on Roanoke Island became a symbol of hope for slaves seeking a new life.

Hispanics and the Civil War  (Y,M,O,T)
From the National Park Service. Downoad this brochure which shares stories of people of Spanish ancestory who fought for both the Union and the Confederacy in the American Civil War. Available through Wayback Archives

Battle of Fredericksburg  (Y,M,O,T)
From the National Park Service. The Battle of Frederickburg took place in December of 1862. There are links for both kids and educators. View an animated recreation of the entire battlefield on December 13, 1862. http://www.travelbrains.com/shockhtml/FburgDemo.htm

Battleground National Cemetery  (Y,M,O,T)
One of the smallest national cemeteries in the country. The cemetery is the final resting place for 41 of the Union soldiers who fought at the nearby Battle of Fort Stevens, the only Civil War battle fought in the District of Columbia, and the only military engagement in United States history in which the president came under direct fire.

Civil War Soldier & Sailor System Database  (Y,M,O,T)
From NPS.gov

National Park Service Civil War Website  (Y,M,O,T)
The official National Park Service Civil War Website.

Civil War Unit - from Small Planet  (M,O)
A lesson plan for an upper elementary students on the Civil War which contains links to other Internet sites.

Civil War Letters  (M,O)
A lesson plan from PBS.org. Grade levels 6-12.

Walt Whitman: Patriot Poet  (M,O)
From PBS.org

Lincoln and Reconstruction  (O)
This lesson focuses on Lincoln's role as president during the Civil War.

Conflicting Newspaper Accounts  (O)
In this lesson students write Civil War newspapers about the Battle of Antietam from the opposing perspectives of North and South. Grade Level 7-12

Civil War Reenactment Headquarters  (Y,M,O,T)
The online source for Civil War Reenactment Events and Battle Schedules, Sutlers & Sponsors, Civil War Reenactors, and other useful Living History information.

Vicksburg National Military Park  (Y,M,O,T)
Vicksburg National Military Park commemorates the campaign, siege and defense of Vicksburg. Vicksburg was a fortress located on high ground guarding the Mississippi River. Its surrender on July 4, 1863, divided the South, and gave the North undisputed control of the Mississippi River. The website offers historical information about the seige for those who cannot visit in person.

Tupelo National Battlefield  (Y,M,O,T)
Tupelo National Battlefield commemorates the July 14--15, 1864, Battle of Tupelo. Lieutenant General Nathan Bedford Forrest tried to cut the railroad supplying the Union's march on Atlanta. The website offers historical information about the battle for those who cannot visit in person.

Appomattox Court House National Historic Site  (Y,M,O,T)
On Palm Sunday, 1865, Lee's surrender at Appomattox Court House, Virginia signaled the end of the Southern States attempt to create a separate nation. The site contains links for kids and educators, as well as virtual photof of the area now and in 1865.

Arlington House, The Robert E. Lee National Memorial  (Y,M,O,T)
Arlington House was the home of Robert E. Lee and his family for thirty years. George Washington Parke Custis built the house in 1802 to be his home and a memorial to George Washington, his step-grandfather. Since then, the house has served as a family home, a military headquarters, a national cemetery, and more.

Cedar Creek and Belle Grove National Historic Site  (Y,M,O,T)
The area witnessed some of the most dramatic events of the Civil War,including the Battle of Cedar Creek, a decisive Union victory held on October 19,1864.

Manassas National Battlefield  (Y,M,O,T)
Manassas National Battlefield commemorates two great battles of the American Civil War. The website offers historical information about the park for those who cannot visit in person.

Petersburg National Battlefield  (Y,M,O,T)
Petersburg had five railroad lines and was a key supply center to the Confederate capital. The Siege of Petersburg lasted nine and a half months and is considered the Longest Military Event of the Civil War. The website offers historical information about the battle for those who cannot visit in person.

Richmond National Battlefield Park  (Y,M,O,T)
Richmond, Virginia,served as the capital of the Confederate States of America during the Civik War. The city became the most important location for both siddes of the conflict. The park preserves more than 1900 acres of Civil War resources in 13 units, including the main visitor center at the famous Tredegar Iron Works and the Chimborazo Medical Museum, on the site of Chimborazo Hospital. The website offers historical information about Richmond for those who cannot visit in person.

General Grant National Memorial  (Y,M,O,T)
General Ulysses S. Grant National Memorial is the largest tomb in North America. Grant's Tomb (as it is commonly called) is not only the final resting place of the General, but a memorial to his life and acomplishments.

Fort Sumter National Monument  (Y,M,O,T)
Where The American Civil War Began. On April 12, 1861, Confederate artillery opened fire on this Federal fort in Charleston Harbor. Fort Sumter surrendered 34 hours later. Union forces would try for nearly four years to take it back. Fort Sumter is located on an island in Charleston harbor and is only accessible by boat. The website offers two brochures to download: Slavery: Cause and Catalyst of the Civil War, and Hispanics and the Civil War.

Andrew Johnson National Historic Site  (Y,M,O,T)
The site honors the life of the 17th President, Andrew Johnson. Johnson is known as the Defender of the Constitution for his work to reunify a nation torn apart by civil was after the assissination of President Lincoln.

Shiloh National Military Park  (Y,M,O,T)
Shiloh National Military Park contains four important Civil War entities: Shiloh Battlefield, Shiloh National Cemetery, Shiloh Indian Mounds, and Corinth Battlefield. The website offers historical information about the park for those who cannot visit in person.

Stones River National Battlefield  (Y,M,O,T)
The Battle of Stones River began on the last day of 1862 and was one of the bloodiest conflicts of the Civil War. The website offers historical information about the battle for those who cannot visit in person.

Fort Donelson National Battlefield  (Y,M,O,T)
Unconditional surrender of Fort Donelson created jubilation throughout the North and silence in Dixie. It was the North's first major victory of the Civil War.

Monocacy National Battlefield  (Y,M,O,T)
The battlefield is known as the location fro the Civil War battle that saved Washington, D.C. The website offers historical information about the battle for those who cannot visit in person.

Ulysses S. Grant National Historic Site  (Y,M,O,T)
Ulysses S. Grant is known as the victorious Civil War general who saved the Union and the 18th President of the United States.

Wilson's Creek National Battlefield  (Y,M,O,T)
Wilson's Creek was the second major battle of the Civil War, and the scene of the death of Nathaniel Lyon, the first Union general killed in combat. The website offers historical information about the battle for those who cannot visit in person.

Pecos National Historical Park  (Y,M,O,T)
Pecos history includes the ancient pueblo of Pecos, Colonial Missions, Santa Fe Trail sites, 20th century ranching, and the site of the Civil War Battle of Glorieta Pass. The website offers historical information about the park for those who cannot visit in person.

Kennesaw Mountain National Battlefield Park  (Y,M,O,T)
The name Kennesaw means cemetery or burial ground in Cherokee. The Kennesaw Mountain Battlefield preserves a Civil War battleground of the Atlanta Campaign. The battle was fought here from June 19, 1864 until July 2, 1864. The website offers historical information about the park for those who cannot visit in person.

Ocmulgee National Monument  (Y,M,O,T)
Native Americans were the first inhabitants. During the Civil War two battles took place in Macon; both took place on the park grounds. The park focuses on both the Native American influence and Civil War battles. The website offers historical information about both for those who cannot visit in person.

Fort Foote Park  (Y,M,O,T)
During the Civil War, Fort Foote was built near the Nation's Capital. It is an earth and log structures designed to be a temporary field fortifications and resist the attack of ground forces. The website offers historical information about the fort for those who cannot visit in person.

Fort Dupont Park  (Y,M,O,T)
The Fort was a civil defense fortress for Washington DC, protected the capitol from southern sympathizing Marylanders. Its garrison and guns never saw battle, but instead houses runaway slaves. The website offers historical information about the fort for those who cannot visit in person.

Frederick Douglass National Historic Site  (Y,M,O,T)
Born into slavery, Frederick Douglass was a runaway slave, abolitionist, civil rights advocate, author and statesmen. Visitors to the site learn about Frederick Douglass' efforts to abolish slavery and his struggle for rights for all oppressed people.

Poison Spring State Park  (Y,M,O,T)
The Red River Campaign National Historic Landmark is made up of three state historic parks; Poison Spring, Marks' Mills and Jenkins' Ferry. These parks were part of the Union Army's "Red River Campaign" in 1864.

Pea Ridge National Military Park  (Y,M,O,T)
On March 7 & 8, 1862, 26,000 soldiers fought here to decide the fate of Missouri. The website offers historical information about the battle for those who cannot visit in person.

New Market Battlefield State Historical Park  (Y,M,O,T)
Cadets from VMI helped win a victory for the Confederate Army here.

Did Quilts hold codes to the Underground Railroad?  (Y,M)
From National Geographic.com

The Civil War Homepage  (Y,M,O,T)
Battle maps, letters, research pages, speeches, reenactment info, and more

Civil War - Cyber Sleuth Kids  (Y,M)
Photos, time lines, and other materials teach about Civil War battles, food, maps, people, and music.

Resources about the civil war />

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