10 Need-To-Know Facts About Mexican Independence Day
Mexico has a long history of war and rebellion. The major holidays of Mexico come from their conflict with Spain and their unwillingness to live their lives as slaves to a foreign ruler. Here are 10 need to know facts about Mexican Independence Day
PBS Learning Media uses three pieces of art as a basis for studying Mexican Independence: a war sketch, a broadside poster celebrating independence, and a painting of a post-independence ceremonial celebration. A download with background material is available.
Mexico Independence Day: What You Need to Know
"Commonly confused with Cinco de Mayo in the U.S., the celebration of Mexican independence focuses on the moment the revolt began in September 1810." (from National Geographic)
Mexican Culture and History through Its National Holidays
"This lesson will focus on holidays that represent and commemorate Mexico's religious traditions, culture, and politics over the past five hundred years. The holidays celebrated by Mexico today exemplify the synthesis of ancient Mexican religion and Catholicism, and commemorate the struggles of Mexico's different social classes and ethnic groups." From NEH.gov's EDSITEment!
El Grito de Dolores
Primary resources from the Library of Congress's online collection related to Mexico's Independence Day
Parallel Histories: Spain, United States and the American Frontier
"Timelines graphics in which events are shown in the order in which they happened are useful tools for organizing historical information . . . During Mexico's fight for independence from Spain, Juan Ruiz de Apodaca, the Spanish Viceroy (governor) of New Spain, wrote a series of reports to the Spanish secretary of state and secretary of the Department of War. Six of these reports are included in the Parallel Histories collection . . . When was the first of the reports available written? What was the last report available in the collection written? Create a timeline that spans the period between the first and last reports. Using the reports or 'Notes' introducing them, select events covered in the reports that you think help explain the relationship between the United States and Spain on the eve of Mexican independence. Based on your timeline, what inferences can be made regarding the relations between the United States and Spain?" From the Library of Cogress's Collection Connections for teachers.
The "Cry of Dolores" and Mexican Independence
Background information about Father Miguel Hidalgo and the "Grito de Dolores" ("Cry of Dolores"), the expression associated with Hidalgo's declaration of independence from Spain in Dolores, a town that is today located in Hidalgo, Mexico. From Thoughtco.com