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Independence Day

by Mary Ann Kelley

The Declaration of Independence, the letter to King George III declaring that the United States of America would not tolerate the grievances contained therein, was signed on July 4, 1776, right? Actually, although the statement drafted by Thomas Jefferson was officially adopted by the Second Continental Congress in Philadelphia on July 4th, it was not signed until August 2, 1776 (and even then not all of the signers were present).
Homeschool resources about Independence Day

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Looking for a curriculum that makes learning fun? You'll find it in Time4Learning's PreK-12 grade online homeschool curriculum.
Text Time4Learning and rotating graphics for math, science, social studies, and language arts

Mexican Independence  (Y, M)
PBS Learning Media uses three pieces of art as a basis for studying Mexican Independence: a war sketch, a broadside poster celebrating independence, and a painting of a post-independence ceremonial celebration. A download with background material is available.

Mexico Independence Day: What You Need to Know  (T)
"Commonly confused with Cinco de Mayo in the U.S., the celebration of Mexican independence focuses on the moment the revolt began in September 1810." (from National Geographic)

Mexican Culture and History through Its National Holidays  (M, O, T)
"This lesson will focus on holidays that represent and commemorate Mexico's religious traditions, culture, and politics over the past five hundred years. The holidays celebrated by Mexico today exemplify the synthesis of ancient Mexican religion and Catholicism, and commemorate the struggles of Mexico's different social classes and ethnic groups." From NEH.gov's EDSITEment!

El Grito de Dolores  (T)
Primary resources from the Library of Congress's online collection related to Mexico's Independence Day

Parallel Histories: Spain, United States and the American Frontier  (T)
"Timelines graphics in which events are shown in the order in which they happened are useful tools for organizing historical information . . . During Mexico's fight for independence from Spain, Juan Ruiz de Apodaca, the Spanish Viceroy (governor) of New Spain, wrote a series of reports to the Spanish secretary of state and secretary of the Department of War. Six of these reports are included in the Parallel Histories collection . . . When was the first of the reports available written? What was the last report available in the collection written? Create a timeline that spans the period between the first and last reports. Using the reports or 'Notes' introducing them, select events covered in the reports that you think help explain the relationship between the United States and Spain on the eve of Mexican independence. Based on your timeline, what inferences can be made regarding the relations between the United States and Spain?" From the Library of Cogress's Collection Connections for teachers.

The "Cry of Dolores" and Mexican Independence  (T)
Background information about Father Miguel Hidalgo and the "Grito de Dolores" ("Cry of Dolores"), the expression associated with Hidalgo's declaration of independence from Spain in Dolores, a town that is today located in Hidalgo, Mexico. From Thoughtco.com

Jefferson's Story of the Declaration  (O, T)
Thomas Jefferson's account of writing the Declaration of Independence

Charters of Freedom  (M,O,T)
Primary sources from the National Archives

DLTK's Custom Dominos  (Y)
Great tool for any holiday or unit study theme. Pick a theme for your dominoes and then choose color or black and white before printing.

Independence National Historical Park  (Y,M,O,T)
Independence Hall is the assembly hall where the Declaration of Independence was signed. The Liberty Bell is located there as well. The website offers links and information for folks not able to visit in person.

Declaring Independence: Drafting the Documents  (Y,M,O,T)
From the Library of Congress. A look at the drafting documents to the Declaration of Independence.

The Declaration of Independence  (Y)
From the History Place.com

Primary Documents in American History  (Y,M,O,T)
From the Library of Congress: Declaration of Independence, U.S. Constitution, The Bill of Rights, The Federalist Papers, Documents from the Continental Congress and the Constitutional Convention, 1774-1789, Guide to American Historical Documents Online, and Charters of Freedom from the U.S. National Archives and Records Administration

Declaration of Independence  (Y,M,O,T)
From the Library of Congress - Primary Documents in American History

United States Patriotic Theme  (Y)
Preschool Activities and Crafts

USA Coloring Pages (posters)  (Y,M,O,T)
DLTK's Crafts for Kids

The Declaration of Independence  (Y,M,O,T)
From the National Archives (where the Declaration is housed), this website includes images of the original Declaration and its history as well as links to other important national documents that are housed at the Archives.

Fourth of July Crafts & Other Fun  (Y M)
From DLTK-Kids.com Includes crafts, printables, recipes, coloring pages, and games.

Crafts, Books, and Printables  (Y)
Large selection of 4th of July items from Enchanted Learning

4th of July in History  (M,O)
From the US Library of Congress

4th of July Unit Study (Independence Day)  (Y)
In depth unit for younger students

Independence Day  (Y,M,O,T)
From Education World.com accessed through Wayback Archives

Myth and Truth: Independence Day  (Y,M)
From Read Write Think.org This lesson explores all the dates and stories associated with the Declaration of Independence.

The Road to Revolution Game  (Y,M,O,T)
An online game about the American Revolution. Every correct answer moves you further along the timeline to Revolution.

July 4th Activity Book to Make  (Y)
For younger students, this book to make includes both period and current flags, the seal of the US, a revolutionary word search, a 50 states word search, and more.

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