Harriet Tubman was a formerly enslaved person who was instrumental in leading 13 rescue missions to help approximately 70 enslaved people to freedom via the Underground Railroad after her own escape in 1849. She was called Moses for her work leading people out of bondage.
During the Civil War, Tubman actively helped the Union as both a cook and a nurse and later as an armed scout and a spy. She was also active in the women's suffrage movement in later years.
Born - unknown, but probably in the early 1820s
Died - March 10, 1913
- Y—Young (PreK-3rd)
- M—Middle (4th-6th)
- O—Older (7th-12th)
- T—Teacher Resources
Harriet Tubman and the Underground Railroad (M,O)
In this lesson plan from NEH's Edsitement website, students will examine the motives for and consequences of traveling the Underground Railroad, analyze Harriet Tubman's impact on slavery and the abolition movement, analyze the influence of geography and politics on maintaining the Underground Railroad, and evaluate Harriet Tubman's legacy in relation to abolition and within U.S. history.
Harriet Tubman Underground Railroad National Historical Park Maryland (Y,M,O,T)
Harriet Tubman Underground Railroad National Historical Park Maryland was established by Congress in December 2014 and includes the Harriet Tubman Underground Railroad National Monument, created through presidential proclamation in 2013. The park includes land where Harriet Tubman was born and lived until she emancipated herself in 1849. The NPS website includes information about the park, informational articles, educational resources, and more.
Harriet Tubman National Historical Park New York (Y,M,O,T)
Harriet Tubman National Historical Park New York is the site of Harriet Tubman's home and farm in Central New York, where she eventually settled with her family and eventually opened The Tubman Home for Aged and Indigent Negroes. The home was designated a National Historic Landmark on May 30, 1974 and later established as a National Historical Park in 2017. The NPS website includes historical information about the home and Tubman's life, as well as a downloadable e-book and activity pages for kids.
Harriet Tubman Lesson Plans (Y,M,T)
"Four lesson plans focusing on the life and legacy of Harriet Tubman—as depicted and explored through the arts—which help students understand the emotional struggles Tubman faced as she helped enslaved people escape and travel north along the Underground Railroad." The lessons are designed for grades 3-5. From the Kennedy Center.
Harriet Tubman: A Resource Guide (M,O,T)
A collection of primary sources related to Harriet Tubman from the Library of Congress, including photographs, documents, records, letters, and more. The sources are spread throughout different exhibitions and collections in the LOC, so use the guide to find links to different sources and a summary of what is included. Use the navigation menu on the left-hand side to view: Digital Resources, External Websites, and Print Bibliography.
Harriet Tubman Video Lesson and Resources for Kids (Y,M)
This animated video from BrainPOP gives a brief, kid-friendly biography of Harriet Tubman and is accompanied by quizzes and digital activities, including a map activity, drawing, writing exercises, a compare/contrast exercise, and more.
Harriet Tubman Biography and Activities for Kids (Y,M,)
The Ducksters Harriet Tubman resource page includes both a written and video biography, fun facts, a crossword puzzle, wordsearch, and quiz.
Harriet Tubman Activities and Resources for Kids (Y,T)
This Harriet Tubman resource page from Enchanted Learning includes a brief biography, quizzes, coloring pages, and a timeline.
Harriet Tubman Facts Coloring Pages (Y)
These Harriet Tubman coloring pages from the Kids Activities Blog cover fun facts about the Underground Railroad conductor's life and work.
The Breathtaking Courage of Harriet Tubman (Video) (Y,M)
A brief, kid-friendly video biography from TEDEd that includes a multiple-choice quiz, discussion topics, and additional resources.
Harriet Tubman’s Daring Civil War Raid (Y,M,O)
Harriet Tubman, while most well-known for her work on the Underground Railroad, served in the Union army as a nurse, scout, and spy during the Civil War. In June of 1863, she became the first woman to lead an US army raid, in which she freed an estimated 700 enslaved men, women, and children. This illustrated comic from the Nib tells the story of the Combahee River Raid.
Harriet Tubman Bicentennial Project (M,O)
"The Harriet Tubman Bicentennial Project is an online initiative from Ms. honoring the bicentennial anniversary of the birth of Harriet Tubman, launched on Feb. 1 and culminating on March 10, 2022, with a commemorative section in the Spring 2022 print issue. The project sheds light on the history and legacy of this groundbreaking feminist icon through a history timeline; an essay series by scholars in diverse fields; conversations with Tubman descendants, creatives and experts; a slavery reparations calculator; and original art and poetry, to which the public is invited to send submissions." From Ms. Magazine.
Harriet Tubman: They Called Her Moses (Documentary) (Y,M,O)
Harriet Tubman: They Called Her Moses is a 2018 documentary, direct by Robert Fernandez. It features interviews from historical scholars, including from the Smithsonian Institute and the National Underground Railroad Freedom Center, as well as historical audio recordings. The full film is available for free on YouTube.
Harriet Tubman Underground Railroad Byway (Y,M,O)
The Tubman Byway is a 125-mile driving tour of 45 historical locations along the Underground Railroad that start in Maryland where Tubman was born, pass through Delaware, and end in Philadelphia. The Byway website contains information about Harriet Tubman, a downloadable guide of each location, an interactive map, and more.
Harriet Tubman Historical Society (M,O)
The Harriet Tubman Historical Society website is a project by the University of Massachusetts History Club. The website includes detailed information about Tubman's life, different topics, people in her life, locations, and events, as well as a timeline, map, fun facts, and a FAQ page.
Harriet Tubman Biography (M,O)
HarrietTubmanBiography.com is a sister-site of a print biography, published by Kate Clifford Larson, PhD. in 2004, on the life of Harriet Tubman. In addition to a biography, the site includes a facts and myths section and a detailed timeline of Tubman's direct and indirect rescue missions.
HarrietTubman.com is an older but great site that hosts a large collection of documents, transcriptions, photos, newspaper clippings, and more related to Harriet Tubman. It also collects and publishes more recent news and events, so you can track how Tubman has been recognized through time.