- Many people who struggle with reading have low self-esteem and feel stupid. They may have been called “stupid” or “lazy”. All research has been conclusive in proving that difficulty with reading has nothing to do with intelligence. If you know someone who feels this way, them know that their reading struggles have nothing to do with their intelligence and they simply need to be taught in the way their brain learns. This can be one of the most empowering pieces of information they ever receive.
- . “That’s the real problem with kids who struggle with learning . Some kids feel like they’re stupid. I want them to know that they’re not. They just learn differently. Once they understand that and have the tools to learn in their individual way, then they can feel good about themselves.” – Charles Schwab
- “Automatic word recognition, which is dependent on phonics knowledge, allows readers to attend to meaning, likewise, slow belabored decoding overloads short-term memory and impedes comprehension.” -Louisa C. Moats of the American Federation of Teachers
- When writing or taking spelling tests if you will say the word you are writing out-loud two times, you are better able to feel the sounds you are making in your mouth and voice box and catch all the phonemes that you might miss by simply hearing the word spoken.
- Those who struggle with reading and processing language also have a difficult time processing spoken directions and have a difficult time with organization. One of the best strategies is to encourage the person to make-up checklists outlining each step of a particular task. This is why a phonics program must be systematic and simple – it must progress logically for the learner in order to have it make sense and have them retain the information.
- If you are working with someone who has a processing disorder such as dyslexia, remember that they often need more time to complete tasks. It takes a great amount of effort for them to concentrate so intensely when reading and processing language – allow them the time they need and be patient.
- There is a buzz-word in education called “invented spelling,” which basically means that the child is not required to spell correctly but allowed to express themselves freely and creatively unencumbered by spelling rules. It comes with the best intentions: “When a first grader picks up a pencil and musters the courage to write his very first sentence, you’re not going to harp about the misspellings.” But allowing this free-form spelling method for right-brained children beyond the beginning stages of reading and writing can have disastrous consequences. Because right-brained children have such a good visual memory, they may have difficulty relearning the correct spelling. There must be a balance, and giving them a strong phonetic and spelling foundation will help ensure future reading success.
- Those who struggle with reading are often also easily distracted. They are highly sensitive to stimuli and change their attention with each new sound or movement. It is best if they sit away from high traffic areas such as doors leading out of the classroom or near the teacher’s desk where students are constantly coming and going. The front of the room is optimal so that they are as close to the teacher as possible in order to help eliminate interference when trying to listen to instruction.
- Reading is an intense activity for some and requires them to create their own stimuli to help increase brain waves to match up with the task at hand. Students often do this by wiggling around, bouncing their foot, or tapping their fingers. Let them. It actually helps their concentration for the task instead of hindering it.
- “Children with high ability typically are independent, self-directed, willful, dominant nonconformists. These children are not passive – they are often difficult to be around because they want to “run the show.” Yet this same quality also makes them most interesting and stimulating to be around.” – Ellen Winner, Gifted Children
Using these tools and suggestions you can ensure success for your struggling reader. Success leads to greater self-esteem, which provides hope that creates joy and opens doors for these students to ensure their future happiness and success.
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Shantell Berrett has a B.A. in English specializing in reading and dyslexia. She has three wonderful kids ages 13, 11, and 7. Her 11 year old son has dyslexia and is the reason she works in this field in writing, research and educating in schools and at home. Visit her website at ReadingHorizonsAtHome.com.